M. J. Akbar
M. J. Akbar
|Minister of State for External Affairs|
5 July 2016 – 17 October 2018
|Prime Minister||Narendra Modi|
|Member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha|
|Assumed office |
Mobasher Jawed Akbar
11 January 1951
New Delhi, India
|Political party||Indian National Congress (1989–2014)|
Bharatiya Janata Party (2014–Present)
|Occupation||Journalist, Politician, Writer|
Mobasher Jawed Akbar (born 11 January 1951) is an Indian journalist and politician, who served as the Minister of State (MoS) for External Affairs until 17 October 2018. Akbar is a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha, and was inducted into the Union Council of Ministers by PM Narendra Modi on 5 July 2016. He is also a veteran Indian journalist and author of several books. He first served as an elected Member of Parliament between 1989 and 1991, and returned to public life in March 2014, when he joined the BJP and was appointed national spokesperson during the 2014 general elections that brought the party back to office with a simple majority under the leadership of PM Narendra Modi. In July, 2015 he was elected to the Rajya Sabha from Jharkhand. During his long career in journalism, he launched, as editor, India’s first weekly political news periodicals in India including India Today, Headlines Today, The Telegraph, The Asian Age and Deccan Chronicle',' among others.
He has written several non-fiction books, including a biography of Jawaharlal Nehru titled Nehru: The Making of India, a book on Kashmir titled Kashmir Behind the Vale, Riot After Riot and India: The Siege Within. He also authored The Shade of Swords, a history of jihad. Akbar has also authored fiction, such as Blood Brothers-A Family Saga (Fratelli Di Sangue, Italian translated version). Have Pen, Will Travel: Observations of a Globetrotter is a travelogue authored by him. His book 'Byline' consists of write-ups of bylines picked from his writings. His book Tinderbox: The past and future of Pakistan, in January 2012 discusses the themes of identity crisis and class struggles in Pakistan.
On 17 October 2018 Akbar resigned due to a number of sexual harassment allegations against him from numerous women who had worked with him over the years. Akbar, however, had denied all such accusation and allegations. He called the allegations as false, fabricated and deeply distressing.
He had filed a case against Priya Ramani for defamation who had accused Akbar of sexual harassment. Akbar had lost the case at the trial courts. As reported by Indian Express, court said,
"A woman has the right to put grievances before any platform of her choice even after decades. Reading out the order, the court said that there are social stigma attached with the allegations. Society must understand the impact of sexual abuse and harassment on its victims."
The court also mentioned that in case of grievances, a fresh appeal could be filed. While Akbar didn't comment on the decision, one of his lawyers Niharika Karanjawala remarked that they respectfully disagree with the court and will appeal. MJ Akbar then approached the Delhi High Court and plead against the acquittal.
Akbar joined The Times of India in 1971 as a trainee. Subsequently, he moved to The Illustrated Weekly of India, then India's largest-selling magazine, working as a sub-editor as well as distinguishing himself as a feature writer capable of contributing a prolific number of stories. He would remain with the weekly until 1973 when he was named editor of the news fortnightly, Onlooker, owned by The Free Press Journal Group in Mumbai. In 1976, he moved to Calcutta to join the Ananda Bazar Patrika (ABP) Group as editor of Sunday, a political weekly. Within just three years of its launch, the investigative reporting pioneered by the magazine established its national circulation and number one position. The magazine took an uncompromising stand against the Emergency and fought press censorship and dictatorship. Sunday not only established major trends in journalism but also spawned a new generation of journalists in the country.
In 1982, after the success of The Sunday, Akbar launched what is considered by some to be India's first modern newspaper. He conceived, designed and edited the daily newspaper, The Telegraph.
In 1989, he took a brief detour into politics with his election to the Indian Parliament in November 1989 from Kishanganj in Bihar on a Congress(I) ticket. He lost the seat in the 1991 Lok Sabha elections. He served as late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi's official spokesman.
In 1991, Akbar joined the Government as an adviser in the Ministry of Human Resources, and helped policy planning in key areas of education, the National Literacy Mission and in the protection of heritage. He resigned from the post and quit politics in December 1992, returning to journalism and full-time writing. In 1993, Akbar started a new media company with the aim of creating India's first newspaper that would not only include an international focus within its editorial range, but also be the first Indian daily with an international edition. This newspaper appeared in February 1994. The Asian Age was launched with initial editions in Delhi, Bombay, and London, and by 2008 had grown, in collaboration with the Deccan Chronicle, to eight editions, into a major media presence nationally and internationally. In 2004, the group began publishing The International Herald Tribune in India, and became a publishing partner of The New York Times. Akbar was also the editor-in-chief of The Deccan Chronicle, a Hyderabad-based news daily.
In March 2006, Akbar joined the Brookings Institution, Washington, as a Visiting Fellow in the Brookings Project on U.S. Policy Towards the Islamic World. During the late 90s, he diluted his stake in the Asian Age, eventually selling off a major part of it to the Reddys, the owners of the Deccan Chronicle Group.
In March 2008, Akbar was removed from The Asian Age and Deccan Chronicle due to differences with the owners over editorial policy, as some newspapers have reported it.
Akbar launched the fortnightly political magazine Covert on 13 May 2008 in Delhi with the first issue on stands on 14 May. Simultaneously, the Covert website was launched two days later though it was ultimately discontinued.
Akbar launched a new Sunday newspaper from 31 January 2010, The Sunday Guardian, published from New Delhi and Chandigarh besides an edition called India on Sunday from London. He remained the Editor-in-Chief and then Editorial Director there until May 2014, when he resigned to join politics full-time.
In the meanwhile, in September 2010, he joined the Living Media as Editorial Director of the leading weekly English news magazine India Today and the English news channel Headlines Today. He left in October 2012.
The controversy had begin to start when the journalist Priya Ramani writing an article at Vogue about sexual harassment in context of the 'Me Too' Movement in India. She had written a general article on attitude of male bosses and recalled her own experience and decided to include it. At first, no name was given. However, a year later, Ramani decided to name MJ Akbar as the person she was referring to through twitter. Other female colleagues before and after tweet had also accused Akbar of sexual harassment.  He was accused of sexual harassment also by UK-based journalist Ruth David, CNN scribe Majlie de Puy Kamp, Saba Naqvi, journalist and author Ghazala Wahab, journalist Sutapa Paul, and journalist Suparna Sharma, amongst others.
On 14 October 2018, he made an official statement saying that he found the allegations against him as "wild and baseless" and that he planned to take legal recourse against the women who accused him. Akbar filed a criminal defamation case against Priya Ramani on October 15, 2018 with representation by Geeta Luthra. BBC reported Akbar's response,
"In court, he denied the incident alleged by Ms Ramani - he said he had not asked her to meet him at his hotel, or that she called him from the hotel reception, or that he called her to his room."Regarding the accusations of other women, Akbar used twitter to remark that such accusations were politically motivated.
However, the accusations are by a multitude of women, across time and locations. As of 17 October, the count of accusations stood at 20: all of the women signed a petition to the court where Akbar's defamation case is to be heard, asking that they too, be heard. Following this, Akbar resigned from his post on 17 October 2018.
In an op-ed in Washington Post on Nov 2, 2018, Pallavi Gogoi, the chief business editor for NPR in the United States, wrote of her rape by Mr. Akbar 23 years ago in a hotel room in Jaipur. Ms. Gogoi was the editor of the op-ed page of the Asian Age at that time. In response, Mr. Akbar has admitted to a past relationship with Ms. Gogoi, and said it was consensual.
On 17 February 2021, he lost defamation case against journalist Priya Ramani who accused him of sexual harassment. The Delhi court said, "a woman has right to voice her grievance even after several years" on the judgement.
He took oath as Minister of State for External Affairs in Rashtrapati Bhavan on 5 July 2016. He resigned from his post on 17 October 2018, after a growing number of sexual allegations were made against him.
Akbar is married to Mallika Joseph, his contemporary at The Times of India. They have two children, Prayaag an alumnus of Dartmouth College and Mukulika a Law graduate from Jesus College, Cambridge.
- Nehru : the Making of India (1990)
- Riot After Riot (1991)
- Kashmir: Behind the Vale (1991)
- India: The Siege within - Challenges to a Nation's Unity (1996)
- The Shade of Swords: Jihad and the Conflict between Islam and Christianity (2003)
- Byline (2004)
- Blood Brothers - A Family Saga (2006)
- Have Pen, Will Travel (2010)
- Tinderbox: The Past and Future of Pakistan (2012)
- A Mirror to Power: The Politics of a Fractured Decade, HarperCollins India, 2015.
- "Muslim Women Will No Longer Live Under Fear Of Talaq: MJ Akbar".
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- Press Trust of India (18 December 2020). "MeToo: M J Akbar did not approach court with clean hands, says Priya Ramani". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
- "Akbar Vs Ramani: Timeline of defamation case". The Indian Express. 17 February 2021. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
- Schmall, Emily; Bhagat, Shalini Venugopal (17 February 2021). "Indian Court Clears Journalist of Defamation Claim in #MeToo Case". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
- "MJ Akbar plea against acquittal of Priya Ramani: HC says will call for trial court records". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
- Bhandare, Namita (21 May 2011). "70's: The decade of innocence". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 26 May 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- Venugopal, Vasudha (15 November 2016). "Dial-a-divorce against spirit of Islam: M J Akbar". The Economic Times.
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- Chaudhury, Dipanjan Roy; Venugopal, Vasudha (11 October 2018). "MJ Akbar faces #MeToo heat, asked to 'cut short' Nigeria visit, may be back today". The Economic Times. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
- "M.J. Akbar, Minister and Former Editor, Sexually Harassed and Molested Me". The Wire. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
- "#MeToo campaign: Six women speak up, accuse Minister M J Akbar of sexual harassment when he was Editor". The Indian Express. 10 October 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
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- "#MeToo: Sexual harrassment [sic] charges against MJ Akbar put Modi government in a spot, final call likely soon". The Financial Express. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
- Reuters (14 October 2018). "Indian Minister at Center of #MeToo Case Calls Abuse Accusations 'Wild and Baseless'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
- Abi-Habib, Maria; Goel, Vindu (17 October 2018). "A Top Indian Minister Resigns, but Can #MeToo Reform Government?". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
- Saran, Mekhala (10 February 2021). "Akbar-Ramani Case: How a Journalist Was Tried for Saying #MeToo". The Quint. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
- "20 Women Journalists Back Priya Ramani, Ready To Testify Against MJ Akbar". NDTV.com.
- "central-minister-mj-akbar-resigns-over-sexual-harassment-charges". thenewsminute.com. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
- Gogoi, Pallavi (1 November 2018). "As a young journalist in India, I was raped by M.J. Akbar. Here is my story". Washington Post. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
- "#MeToo: Wife defends MJ Akbar; former minister says 'Pallavi Gogoi was in a consensual relationship' - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
- All India (17 February 2021). ""Ray Of Hope": Bollywood Celebrates Priya Ramani's Acquittal In Defamation Case". NDTV. Press Trust of India. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
- "Priya Ramani acquitted in MJ Akbar defamation case". Hindustan Times. 17 February 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
- "Portfolio of Modi government ministers: MJ Akbar appointed MoS External Affairs", The Financial Express, 5 July 2016
- "Journalist MJ Akbar joins BJP and praises Modi". Hindustan Times. 22 March 2014.
- "BJP appoints MJ Akbar as national spokesperson - The Economic Times on Mobile". M.economictimes.com. 25 March 2014.
- "MJ Akbar Wins Rajya Sabha By-Poll from Jharkhand". NDTV.com. 2 July 2015.
- "Madhya Pradesh: M J Akbar, Anil Dave enter RS, Congress nominee Tankha wins too". 12 June 2016.
- "MJ Akbar - From Congress MP To PM Modi's Minister".
- "Alumni 2000".
- Sen, Rehana. "Green is the valley". The Hindu.[dead link]
-  Archived 6 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
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